Virus is the complexes of nucleic acid and protein. Virology is the study of viruses that have the capacity for replication in animal, plant and bacterial cells. Bacteriology is the study of bacteria which involves the identification, classification and characterization of various bacterial species. Viral parasite results in changes in the cell, especially in its antigenicity and directs the host cells metabolism to produce new virus particles which may cause cellular death. Overall, viruses are reported in two basic types, the one that consist a genome of DNA and the one that consist a genome of RNA. Bacterial and viral infections, can lead to mild, moderate and severe diseases. It is observed that, infectious disease testing is rapidly growing for the in vitro diagnostics industry. The etiology for few of the infections is still unknown, however for others the causative microorganisms are present in a very minute concentrations.
Based on technology, the virology and bacteriology testing market can be segmented as follows:
- Molecular diagnostics
- Monoclonal antibodies
- Differential light scattering
- Information technology
- Artificial intelligence
- Flow cytometry
- Diagnostic imaging
- Gel microdroplets
Based on end user, the virology and bacteriology testing market can be segmented as follows:
- Diagnostic centers
- Blood banks
Based on disease, the virology and bacteriology testing market can be segmented as follows:
- Urinary tract infections
- Respiratory diseases
- Bloodstream infections
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- STD caused by bacteria
- STDs caused by viruses
- Gastrointestinal diseases
- Periodontal diseases
Other diseases (cardiovascular disease, central nervous system infections, connective tissue & joint diseases, and skin diseases, among others)
Rising awareness of tuberculosis in the developing countries leads to significant growth potential for respiratory disease segment. Millions of people are affected by periodontal diseases worldwide, in which very few receive proper treatment. The causing agent of periodontal diseases is unknown, whereas millions of people are affected worldwide of which very few people receive proper treatment for the disease. Gastrointestinal diseases are caused by huge number of microbes such as E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Clostridium, virus like Norwalk agent, Rotaviruses and parasites like Giardia, Entamoeba, and Ascaris.
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Region wise, the virology and bacteriology testing market can be segmented as: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa. The regions are further analyzed by major countries contributing to the market. Overall, the virology and bacteriology industry was predominantly influenced by ebola, MERS, and hepatitis C viruses in 2015. Currently, Zika virus dominates the research and development work worldwide as its outbreak has been observed (first time) among the patient in the year 2016 (Mid). According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention nearly 2,246 cases of Zika virus were reported in the United States (August 2016).
Key players operating in the virology and bacteriology testing market includes Abbot, Grifols, Diamedix Inc., Diasorin, Fujirebio Diagnostics Inc., Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., bioMerieux SA, Cepheid, Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc., Eiken Chemical Co Ltd., Hologic Inc., Qiagen, F. Hoffmann-La RocheLtd., Scienion AG, Sequenom, Siemens AG, Leica Biosystems Nussloch GmbH. and others.
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